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List of common metal materials and properties

1.45--- High-Quality Structural carbon steel, Medium Carbon Quenched, and tempered steel

Main Features: In the conveyor idler systems most commonly used medium carbon quenched and tempered steel, has good comprehensive mechanical properties, low hardenability, and is easy to crack when quenched by water. Small parts should adopt quenching and tempering treatment, large parts should use normalizing treatment.

Applications: Mainly used in the manufacture of high-strength moving parts, such as turbine impeller, and compressor piston. Shafts, gears, racks, worms, etc. The welding parts should be preheated before welding and annealed after welding.

2, Q235A (A3) - Most commonly used structural carbon steel

Main features: high plasticity, toughness and welding performance, cold stamping performance, as well as a particular strength, and good cold bending performance.

Application examples: Widely used in general requirements of parts and welding structures. If the force is not big tie rod, connecting rod, pin, shaft, screw, nut, ring, bracket, base, building structure, bridge, etc.

3, 40Cr - one of the most widely used steel, is a structural alloy steel

Main Characteristics: After quenching and tempering treatment, it has good comprehensive mechanical properties, low-temperature impact toughness, and low notch sensitivity, Good hardenability, high fatigue strength can be obtained when oil is cold, and complex shape parts are easy to crack when water is cooled, cold bending plasticity is medium, After tempering or quenching and tempering, the machinability is good, but the weldability is not good, easy to produce cracks before welding should be preheated to 100 ~ 150 °C, generally used in the quenched and tempered state, but also for carbonitriding and high-frequency surface quenching treatment.

Examples of application: After quenching and tempering, it is used to manufacture parts of medium speed and medium load, such as gears, shafts, worms, spline shafts, thimbles, etc. After quenching and tempering and high-frequency surface quenching, it is used to manufacture high hardness and wear-resistant parts, such as gear, shaft, spindle, crankshaft, mandrel, sleeve, pin, connecting rod, screw nut, intake valve, etc. After quenching and tempering at medium temperature for the manufacture of heavy load, medium speed impact parts, such as oil pump rotor, slide block, gear, spindle, ring, etc., after quenching or tempering, for the manufacturing of heavy-load, low impact, wear-resistant parts, Such as worm, spindle, shaft, ring, etc., carbonitriding after manufacturing large size, low-temperature impact toughness of high transmission parts, such as shaft, gear, etc.



Steel Pipe

4, HT150 -- gray cast iron

Application examples: gearbox, machine bed, box, hydraulic cylinder, pump body, valve body, flywheel, cylinder head, wheel, bearing cover, etc.

5, 35 -- Common materials for various standard parts and fasteners

Main Features: Proper strength, good plasticity, high cold plasticity, and good weldability. It can be used for local upsetting and wire drawing in cold states. Low hardenability, after normalizing or quenching and tempering application example: suitable for manufacturing small section parts, can bear large load parts: such as crankshaft, lever, connecting rod, hook and loop, all kinds of standard parts, fasteners.

6, 65Mn - commonly used spring steel

Application examples: small size of all kinds of flat, round spring, cushion spring, spring spring spring, also can make spring ring, valve spring, clutch spring, brake spring, cold coil spring, clip spring, etc.

7, 0Cr18Ni9 - the most commonly used stainless steel (American steel 304, Japanese steel SUS304)

Characteristics and applications: the most widely used stainless steel, such as food equipment, general chemical equipment, and the original energy industrial equipment.

8, Cr12 - commonly used cold work die steel (American steel D3, Japanese steel SKD1)

Characteristic and application: Cr12 steel is a kind of cold work die steel widely used. The steel has good hardenability and wears resistance. Because the carbon content of Cr12 steel is as high as 2.3%, the impact toughness is poor, easy to crack, and easy to form heterogeneous eutectic carbide. Cr12 steel due to its good wear resistance, is More for the manufacture of small impact load requirements of high wear-resistant cold die, punch, blanking die, cold upsetting, cold extruding die of the punch and flat die, drill sleeve, gauge, wire drawing die, stamping die, thread rolling plate, drawing die and powder metallurgy with cold die.

9, DC53 - commonly used cold die steel imported from Japan

Characteristics and Application: High strength and toughness cold work die steel, Datong Special Steel Co., Ltd. After high-temperature tempering, it has high hardness, toughness, and good wire cutting. Used for precision cold stamping dies, drawing dies, wire rolling dies, cold stamping die, punch, etc.


10, DCCr12MoV - wear-resistant chromium steel

Compared with Cr12 steel, the carbon content is lower, and with the addition of Mo and V, the carbide heterogeneity is improved. MO can reduce carbide segregation and improve hardenability, and V can refine grain size and increase toughness. This steel has high hardenability, section below 400mm can be completely quenched. 300 ~ 400 °C can still maintain good hardness and wear resistance, compared with Cr12 has high toughness, the quenching volume change is small, but also has high wear resistance and good comprehensive mechanical properties. Die, such as common drawing die, punching die, stamping die, blanking die, trimming die, flanging die, wire drawing dies, cold extruding die, cold cutting scissors, circular saw, standard tools, measuring tools, etc.

11, SKD11 - ductile chromium steel

Japanese Hitachi-type production. Technically improve the casting structure in the steel, refine the grain, improve the toughness and wear resistance of Cr12mov, and prolong the service life of the die.

12, D2 - high carbon high chromium cold steel

Made in the USA. It has high hardenability, hardening, abrasion resistance, and high-temperature oxidation resistance. Good corrosion resistance after quenching and polishing, small deformation after heat treatment, suitable for manufacturing all kinds of high precision, long life of cold working die, cutting tools, and measuring tools, such as drawing die, cold extruding die, and cold shearing knife.

13. SKD11 (SLD) - High chromium steel without deformation toughness

Due to the increase of MO and V content in the steel, the casting structure of the steel was improved and the grain was refined. The carbide morphology is improved, so the strength and toughness (bending strength, deflection, impact toughness, etc.) of this steel is higher than SKD1, and D2. Wear resistance has also increased and has a higher tempering resistance. The practice has proved that this steel mold life than Cr12mov improved. Often manufacturing demanding mold, such as drawing die, impact grinding wheel chip die, etc.

14, DC53 -- High Toughness High chromium steel

Produced by Daido Corporation, Japan. The heat treatment hardness is higher than SKD11. After tempering at a high temperature (520-530), the hardness can reach 62-63 HRC, and DC53 exceeds SKD11 in strength and wear resistance. The toughness of DC53 is such that cracks and crazing are rare in cold work tooling. Low residual stresses. Reduced residual stresses due to high-temperature reworking. Cracks and deformations are suppressed due to wire cutting. Cutting and grinding properties exceed those of SKD11.



15, SKH-9 - wear resistance, the toughness of general high-speed steel

Made by Hitachi, Japan. Used for cold forging dies, slicing machines, drills, reamers, punches, etc.

16. ASP-23 - Powder metallurgy high-speed steel

Made in Sweden. Uniform carbide distribution, wear-resistant, high toughness, easy processing, heat treatment dimensional stability. Used in punch, deep drawing die, drilling die, milling cutter and shear blades, and other kinds of long-life cutting tools.

17, P20 - general requirements of the size of the plastic mold

Made in the USA. Electric etching operation. Factory condition pre-hardened HB270-300. Hardened hardness HRC52.

18, 718 - High requirements for the size of the plastic mold

Made in Sweden. Especially electric erosion operation. Factory condition pre-hardened HB290-330. Hardened hardness HRC52

19, Nak80 - high mirror, high precision plastic mold

Japan Datong plant-type products. Exit condition pre-hardened HB370-400. Quenched hardness HRC52

20, S136 - anti-corrosion, and mirror polishing plastic mold

Made in Sweden. Pre-hardened HB < 215. Hardened hardness HRC52.

21, H13 - - Common common die-casting mold

For aluminum, zinc, magnesium, and alloy die casting. Hot stamping die, aluminum extrusion die,

22. SKD61 - Advanced Die Casting Die

Japan Hitachi plant type, through the electric ballast redissolution technology, in the service life than H13 has significantly improved.

23, 8407 -- Advanced Die Casting Die

Sweden. Hot stamping dies, aluminum extrusion die.

24. FDAC - Sulfur is added to enhance its chipping ability

Factory pre-hardened hardness 338-42 HRC, Can be carved directly processing, without quenching, tempering treatment. Used for small batch mold, simple mold, all kinds of resin products, sliding parts, short delivery mold parts, zipper mold, and frame mold.

Product catalog


GCS reserves the right to change dimensions and critical data at any time without any notice. Customers must ensure that they receive certified drawings from GCS prior to finalizing design details.

Post time: Jul-03-2022